Many bone or joint disorders and inflammatory disorders have a genetic origin. This specialty covers a wide range of pathologies such as Crohn’s disease, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis or lupus.
Diseases related to deregulation of the immune system are increasingly prevalent and are due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Genetic tests allow to know predisposition to these autoimmune diseases and to take actions to reduce that risk or to detect them earlier.
Another group of very common diseases are bone-related diseases, which cause abnormalities in skeleton and joints that can seriously interfere with normal growth and development. Identifying the genetic cause allows for proper medical approach and individualized treatment. In addition, genetic tests also help identifying other affected family members and planning pregnancies to prevent their transmission to the offspring.
Bone and joint pain, low stature, or fractures are often suspicious of facing a bone disorder. Diseases such as osteogenesis imperfecta, characterized by extremely fragile bones, or osteopetrosis, in which bones have an abnormally high density, are two examples of inherited disorders that can be detected with genetic studies.
Types of genetic tests in Traumatology and rheumatology
Study of genes to identify the causes and risk of systemic diseases of autoimmune origin such as lupus, multiple sclerosis, inflammatory bowel diseases or Sjogren’s syndrome. These pathologies affect many organs so their detection allows to optimize their management and to make the treatments more effective.
2. BONE MINERALIZATION GENE PANELS
The simultaneous study of multiple genes involved in bone disorders allows to quickly identify the pathology and to schedule a personalized treatment so that the bone develops in the best possible way and it does not interfere with the correct growth and development of the child.
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