Dermatological diseases group together a set of disorders with so wide symptomatology that it is often difficult to receive an accurate diagnosis. Genetics helps in the differential diagnosis and allows to predict the risk that your relatives suffer from this disease.
Detection of alterations in genes that encode proteins expressed in skin or melanocytes can help to prevent the onset of diseases by establishing more frequent routine medical checks or other preventive measures such as properly protection of your skin.
In the event that the disease has already manifested, the diagnosis will help to guide the most appropriate treatment for each patient.
Dry or scaly skin, redness, itching or abnormal wound healing may be symptoms of an underlying genetic skin disorder such as hypotrichosis, epidermolysis bullosa or congenital ichthyosis.
Detecting them as soon as possible ensures a better prognosis and avoids the fatal consequences of the most serious diseases.
Types of genetic tests in dermatology
1. CARRIER SCREENING TESTS
Direct search for mutations associated with dermatological diseases. These tests are intended for individuals who know that a direct family member has a mutation that causes a dermatological disease and want to know if they are carriers of that disease.
2. GENE PANELS in DERMATOLOGY
Study of a set of genes associated with skin disorders such as hypotrichosis, epidermolysis bullosa, cutis laxa or congenital ichthyosis.
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