Hearing loss is the most common birth defect and the most prevalent sensory disorder in developed countries.
Proper functioning of structures such as nose, ear and throat is important for activities as basic as smelling, hearing, swallowing, generating sounds and maintaining balance. Any mismatch in these functions can compromise normal development, hence the importance of its early detection.
Postnatal genetic testing helps to diagnose otorhinolaryngological genetic disorders by allowing an early intervention and thus improving the prognosis of the disease.
Hearing loss in children is one of the most common disorders and in 50% of cases is due to genetic defects. Most hearing loss is non-syndromic, i.e., they are not associated with external ear malformations or other medical problems. In 30% of cases, it is syndromic, which means that it is one of the many manifestations of a particular disease such as Alport, Pendred, Stickler, Usher, Wolfram or Waardenburg syndromes. About 400 genetic syndromes are currently known, including hearing loss among its manifestations.
Hearing loss is highly variable. It can be partial or total and it can affect one or both ears, so genetic studies are the best option to be able to establish measures as soon as possible and to avoid possible development of deafness.
Types of genetic tests in Otorhinolaryngology
Complete genetic study that includes all genes associated with hearing disorders. The test allows to identify the genetic cause involved in non-syndromic hearing loss or to achieve a differential diagnosis that confirms the syndrome responsible for hearing loss.
2. GENE PANELS in OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY
Study of a set of genes related to otorhinolaryngological diseases in case of clinical suspicions and whose diagnosis wants to be confirmed.
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